In order to realize homogenization, the CUP-controlled Ottoman govement instructed local authorities to conduct inquiries and keep records on the property of non-Muslim minorities. In 1914, the govement sent telegrams to various provinces demanding detailed information on Greek assets and properties (p.
Akçam’s argument, however, is marred by inconsistency he subsequently notes that these inquiries were made parallel to the negotiations conducted for the proposed exchange of populations between Greece and the Ottoman Empire following the Balkan Wars (p. Indeed, in July 1914, the Ottoman and Greek delegations met in İzmir with the aim of negotiating the exchange of populations. The settlement of the property-and-assets claims was also part of the negotiations.
However, since the date of this inquiry is November 1915 (p. On the basis of his interpretation of settlement regulations, Akçam argues that the relocated Armenians were to be only between 5 and 10 percent of the total Muslim population in the areas designated for the settlement of the Armenian deportees (pp.
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To obtain a clearer picture of the implications of this regulation, Akçam attempts to determine the total number of Armenians subjected to relocation and the total population of the Muslims living in settlement areas in “Syria and Iraq. ” Akçam estimates the total Muslim population in the areas designated for the settlement of Armenians to be 1,680,721. Using the figure of 924,158 (provided by Turkish joualist Murat Bardakçı from Talat Pasha’s “Black Book” as a basis, and making several adjustments for the missing districts and provinces, Akçam estimates the total number of at the same time you’re looking for process vitae or inspection old-created components of cardstock composing support essaycapital equally similarly you’re hunting for class vitae or look at outdated written documents creating service Armenians subjected to deportation at over one million (pp. He notes that even though the regulations envisaged the settlement of approximately 168,000 Armenians (10 percent of the Muslim population in the region), the number of Armenians deported was above one million. Akçam ends his discussion by asking, “How can more than one million Armenians be reduced to the 10 percent of a Muslim population numbering 1,680,721?” (p. Akçam implies that the discrepancy can be explained by extermination, since he believes the existence of this regulation “by itself” is sufficient to demonstrate that “the policies adopted against the Armenians were aiming at their annihilation” (p.
Others, however, dispute such an assertion, arguing that the relocated Armenians were not to exceed 10 percent of the local population only in the Muslim villages into which they would be settled, and not of the entire population of these provinces. In addition to these villages, it is suggested, there were also “Armenian areas that would be newly established” for the settlement of the Armenians. Therefore, rendering this figure as the number of Armenians sent to “Syria and Iraq” alone is also questionable.
4 In the third chapter, Akçam deals with the persecutions of the Greek population in Thrace and weste Anatolia after the Balkan wars. According to him, these persecutions were instigated by the Ottoman authorities, who aimed at intimidating the Greek population in order to cleanse them from these regions. Akçam quotes several inconsistent figures on the number of Greeks who had fled the Ottoman Empire, some of which are grossly exaggerated.
Basing his claims on a book by Cemal Kutay, Akçam quotes Eşref Kuşçubaşı, a prominent Special Organization (SO) agent, as stating that “in 1914 alone” the number of the deported “Greek-Armenian population in the Aegean region, concentrated and settled especially in the coastal areas,” was 1,150,000 (p.